Variance Hammer Eldar Review 3 of 9

As I’ve been writing this review, I’ve come to realize the lens through which I think it should be viewed – in relation to the backbone of the last codex, the Wave Serpent, and how it has changed. Be sure to check out the Tactics Corner for more great articles!


So let us consider the Wave Serpent’s new rules before delving deeper into the rest of the army in future posts. If you’re just joining us, Parts One and Two of my multi-part review of the Eldar Codex cover the aesthetics of the codex and the HQ choices respectively.

I will begin by saying that, as an avid user of the Wave Serpent, there is no question in my mind that it was overpowered. There were games where the rest of my army hard already crumbled, and then slowly but surely the Wave Serpents would grind down the enemy, turing a rout into a remarkably close game.

Altering that to tone it down would have taken a fairly subtle hand. There was a post I was working on before this Codex broke looking at ways to tone the Wave Serpent down. Of the list I had, Games Workshop basically said “We’ll take all of them”.

So the changes…it got 5 points cheaper.

It also lost a great deal. The Scatter Laser lost the Laser Lock ability army-wide, which means it’s no longer an extremely reliable way to make sure any other weapons on your Wave Serpent are twin-linked. But beyond that, the Serpent Shield was dramatically redesigned. Defensively, it still converts a penetrating hit to a glancing hit on a 2+. But offensively? It is now a 24″ range S6 Assault 2d6, Ignores Cover, One Use Only gun with Strikedown. For those of you who don’t remember what Strikedown does, a model that takes an unsaved wound or passes a save against this weapon moves as if it was in difficult terrain. More reliable perhaps than the old pinning, but also less useful. Finally, after the shield has been fired, it no longer operates defensively either.

This is a huge number of changes. A massive reduction in range, going down to one shot only, and losing 1 Strength are the big ones. But how much does this matter? There’s a fair amount of simulation below looking at that question – if you’re interested in delving into the code, the iPython notebook is viewable here.

A Full Game of Shooting

To answer this, I simulated 2,500 games of a Wave Serpent firing for four turns, with the new rules and the old ones, just firing the Serpent Shield and a twin-linked Scatter Laser, which in my experience was the most common weapon load-out for a Wave Serpent. The results are below:


The purple histogram is the number of hits from the old-style Wave Serpent, the light blue one the new-style Wave Serpent. There are a few things to note about this:

  • The old Wave Serpent a pretty bimodal distribution. The “mean” result for the old Wave Serpent is actually less common than either more or less shots. The new one is much more normal.
  • There is a much higher chance of a new Wave Serpent doing almost nothing. It’s still rare, but much less rare.
  • Similarly, there is a long tail to the old Wave Serpent’s distribution – those glorious games where the Wave Serpents did work and absolutely hammered the enemy. Those games were actually relatively common – 400+ simulated games had a Wave Serpent hitting ~ 22 times or more, and these kind of results are simply gone in the new version.

These results actually cloak how serious the change actually is – you have to keep in mind some of those purple shots are S7, not S6, which are vastly more effective at taking down AV12 vehicles, and infinitely more effective at taking down AV13 vehicles. Additionally, if our hypothetical Wave Serpent was also carrying a Shuriken Cannon, it is hitting less frequently as well – I didn’t model this, as it starts getting complicated and you start adding in more assumptions about how the tanks are moving, etc. Finally, this assumed both tanks were within 36″ for all four turns, and the new Wave Serpent was within 24″ for one of those turns. It’s possible, even likely, that an old-style Wave Serpent could have slipped in another shot or two at long range, making the distance between the two even greater.

The Wave Serpent as an AA Platform

One of the other roles, beyond just “High Strength, Poor AP Gunboat” for the Wave Serpent, thanks to near ubiquitous twin-linking and the Serpent Shield ignoring cover (and thus jink) was as an ersatz AA platform. How well does the tank perform in this role?

Single Turn


This figure shows the results of a single turn of shooting. As with the last figure, the purple is the old Wave Serpent, the blue is the new Wave Serpent (with the shield firing) and the green is the new Wave Serpent without the shield.

The take-away? The 2d6 shots for the Serpent Shield well offsets the loss of the Laser Lock’s twin linking – it’s likely that you’ll get a couple hits in if you fire your shield at an aircraft, and there’s a slim but non-zero chance you’ll absolutely slam the aircraft – though the old-style Shield has a very long tail of nearly impossible but occasionally devastating volleys, I’d take a new Wave Serpent for a single shot, though the loss of S7 will make those hits less likely to penetrate. Without the shield however, the lone twin-linked Scatter Laser is predictably middling.

Sustained AA


This figure depicts a Wave Serpent acting as a dedicated, sustained AA platform, firing for two turns. Here, the loss of the Laser Lock and reliable Serpent Shield hits becomes more obvious – the new Wave Serpent simply hits less, though not so dramatically that if you were relying on your Serpents to keep the skies clear they’re now useless for that role. They’re simply slightly less good if their shields are down, or they’re being expected to provide sustained AA support.

Defensive Considerations

I’ll admit I’m a little disappointed that the defensive aspects of the Serpent Shield haven’t changed. One of the reasons the Serpent Shield was so easy to use as a gun was that there was rarely a reason not to shoot and give up the defensive bonus. The primary danger to Wave Serpents, in my experience, is not penetrating hits, but a volume of glancing hits. The Serpent Shield did very little to fix that, and the new version has the same problem – except it’ll be gone entirely after you fire it.

Rather than making a reason to keep the shield, the reason you hold onto it is you only use it once.

There’s also been an ambient decrease in the survivability of the Wave Serpent due to the changes in how holo fields work (5++ instead of +1 cover). I won’t belabor this, as I’ve talked about it here. The basic version? An ambient decrease in survivability, in exchange for being slightly more survivable against units that hunt Wave Serpents, like…well…Wave Serpents, or Tau with Ignores Cover or Sicarans.

Stop Calling it a “Nerf”

The changes to the Wave Serpent go beyond a nerf – a toning down of a unit to make it marginally less effective. Instead, I think it’s fair to say that the Wave Serpent has undergone a complete re-design. It is now very much a armed and survivable transport, but it’s definitely not a gunboat.

So where does that leave us? Without widely available high Strength, Objective Secured gunboats, that volume of fire, that threat, has to come from somewhere else. Either more S6+ fire coming from elsewhere, or the army needs to be less about the transport and more about the units piling out of that transport.

Turns out there are options for both.

This post was originally posted on Variance Hammer. If you liked it, and would like to see more positive, quantitatively (for the most part) driven thoughts on 40K, please visit, or consider supporting their Patreon campaign.


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3 Responses to “Variance Hammer Eldar Review 3 of 9”

  1. colinsherlow June 6, 2015 7:48 am

    looking forwards to reading the rest of these.

    Something else that I have not seen discussed much is not just on how the Wave Serpent compares to the old one, but how the Wave Serpent effects the Eldar army as a whole.

    The old Wave Serpent gave the Eldar something they didn’t have much of before. And that was reliable long range shooting that wasn’t just a heavy 1 gun. It fired many guns reliably down field. You couldn’t hide much from the old beast. The old serpent was better at long range, AA and armour busting. All of these things allowed Eldar to concentrate on other aspects of the army since the Serpent was so good at filling so many rolls. One of the main changes IMO is losing the 60″ range which was really nice from an army that only really likes 36″. The Serpent shield allowed the eldar to stay out of harms way and that was awesome. You could also camp on an objective from far away and still blast the opponent with St7 ignore cover shooting.

    The new Wave Serpent is back to a 36″ range support vehicle (Which is fine by me). But this changes how the Eldar play to a degree. The Serpent and the Eldar army now have to regularly come into range of the opponents gun ranges, whereas before the Eldar could keep back and not risk themselves until the serpents cleaned up a bit.
    With the new Serpent not being nearly as good (NOTE: It is still a really good transport) at AA, AT, AI and lost A LOT of range. One thing I do know is that the current Wave Serpent isn’t the Swiss army knife that it once was, and will likely not be the work horse of the army anymore. Eldar armies will have to look at multiple different units to take that roll instead of just the good’ol Wave Serpent. You will likely have to consider where you want to get your AA now. Probably your best bet is the Crimson Hunter. Do you want to shoot more than 36″. Maybe considering Missile Launchers on Vypers will be considered more often? Who knows! The Eldar army as a whole acts like a Swiss army knife. And they do it very well.

    Wave Serpents are still great Transport vehicles. I just don’t think you will see them spammed like they were before. I usually run 2 and that seems good enough for me. Besides with fewer Serpents hitting the table you can try out some of those other sweet Eldar units that you have been neglecting.

    And yes the old Serpent was too powerful. I will still miss it immensely, but am glad that it changed. And I like how it changed because the new Wave Serpent doesn’t seem like over kill.

    This in my mind has changed the way Eldar lists will be written as they need to consider other factors more closely.

    • Variance Hammer June 6, 2015 9:05 am

      In a later post I argue that both the change to the Distort weapons and the Bikes are essentially a response to the change to the Wave Serpent. If the Serpent itself isn’t particularly scary, you either need high volume ranged shooting from some other source, or what’s coming *out* of the Wave Serpent needs to be pretty scary.

  2. colinsherlow June 6, 2015 7:52 am

    I was editing the above post and it just decided to post itself… D’OH!